A Combination of Circumstances

Often the logical construct - (statement 1 AND statement 2) is useful in describing circumstantial evidence. It's used to aggregate disparate statements, that in and of themselves, have a limited and local meaning, but collectively form a more complete picture.

This section substantiates the following logical statement:

Real estate companies headed by Larry Silverstein and Frank Lowy, acting as partners, obtained a lease on the Twin Towers in the summer of 2001, an improbably short time before September 11th 2001.
The real estate company headed by Larry Silverstein developed and built Seven World Trade Center.
Both Larry Silverstein and Frank Lowy had extremely close ties with Israel.
Phenomena associated with the collapses of the Twin Towers and Seven World Trade Center were similar to phenomena associated with collapses caused by controlled demolition.

The World Trade Center Deals

Silverstein Properties and Westfield America were partners in the deal to lease World Trade Center office and retail space, along with GMAC and Lloyd Goldman.1

On July 24, 2001, Larry Silverstein's real estate company, Silverstein Properties, Inc., formally leased the Twin Towers, Four World Trade Center, and Five World Trade Center, for ninety-nine years, in what was the largest real estate deal in New York City history, costing $3.2 billion.2,3

In May of 2001, Frank Lowy's company, Westfield America, had completed a lease agreement for a ninety-nine year lease on retail space beneath the World Trade Center, at a cost of $127 million.4

1 Charles v. Bagli, "Developer Scrambles to Save World Trade Center Deal," The New York Times , April 26, 2001, B7, ProQuest Historical Newspapers
2 Ronald Smothers, "Leasing of Trade Center May Help Transit Projects, Pataki Says," The New York Times , July 25, 2001, B7, ProQuest Historical Newspapers
3 Sara Leibovich-Dar, "Up in Smoke", Haaretz , November 21, 2001, widely available on the web
4 Herb Keinon, "Frank Lowy: From Hagana to 3.8 billion dollar magnate," The Jerusalem Post , May 29, 2006, http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=23266, accessed 9/9/2016

Larry Silverstein and Seven World Trade Center

On May 26, 1981, Larry Silverstein, president of Silverstein Properties, announced plans for the construction of Seven World Trade Center on Vesey street. The expected cost was $260 million. On hand to witness the announcement were Port Authority officials, members of his family, and his public relations aides.1 Silverstein's winning bid promised to pay the Port Authority $6.75 for each square foot of office space, along with 40% of the profits after he himself cleared the $6.75 per square foot threshold. Construction began in May, 1984.2

The problems of securing financing and a major tenant for the building weren't easily solved. Knowing that an agreement with a large tenant would secure financial backing, most prospective tenants asked for a share in the building's equity in return for an agreement. Silverstein wouldn't allow this. Financial backing was secured before the building's tenancy was resolved. The major lenders were the California Federal Savings and Loan Association and the Chase Manhattan Bank.3 In late 1988, Salomon Brothers announced it would move its headquarters into Seven World Trade Center. Silverstein said that Salomon Brothers would pay more than $1 billion over the ensuing twenty years.4

1 Joyce Purnick, "Plan Is Disclosed For Office Tower At Trade Center," The New York Times , May 27, 1981, B3, ProQuest Historical Newspapers
2 Robert Guentner, "New York Developer Follows New Tack At Trade Center Site," The Wall Street Journal , November 21, 1984, 33, ProQuest Historical Newspapers
3 Guentner
3 Thomas J. Lueck, "Salomon Will Move to Trade Center," The New York Times , November 29, 1988, B3, ProQuest Historical Newspapers

...and they made that decision to pull, and then we watched the building collapse

Seven World Trade Center collapsed at about 5:30 PM on September 11, 2001. On a 2002 PBS documentary, "America Rebuilds", Larry Silverstein made the following statement about activities associated with Seven World Trade Center that day:

I remember getting a call from the uh..fire department commander telling me that they were not sure that they were going to be able to contain the fire. I said, 'You know, we've had such terrible loss of life, maybe the smartest thing to do is..is pull it.' Ah, and they made that decision to pull, and then we watched the building collapse.

If by the phrase "pull it", Silverstein meant to demolish Seven World Trade Center, obviously there was no time to set up a controlled demolition of Seven World Trade Center on September 11th, yet this meaning seems to fit his use of the word "pull" in the final sentence - "...and they made that decision to pull, and then we watched the building collapse." On the face of it, it appears that on the spur of the moment, in front of the television cameras, he invented a plausible, yet impossible explanation for the collapse of the building - that the NYFD had demolished the building with explosives.

If, as his defenders say,1 the discussion was about the contingent of firefighters in the building, and by the phrase "pull it", he meant "pull the contingent of firefighters out of the building," then:

1 Phil Molé, "9/11 Conspiracy Theories...", available on the web, example: https://informantunlimited.wordpress.com/2007/07/16/911-conspiracy-theories%E2%80%A6by-phil-mole/

Professor Steven Jones on the Collapse of the World Trade Center Buildings

The official version of the collapses of the World Trade Center buildings claims that the Twin Tower collapses were due to a combination of damage caused by the planes, fire-induced deformation of the steel structures of the Twin Towers, and gravity, and that the collapse of Seven World Trade Center was due to damage due to the collapses of the Twin Towers, fire-induced deformation of the building's steel structure, and gravity.

Professor Steven Jones, formerly of Brigham Young University, wrote a seminal paper on the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings, including Seven World Trade Center, which questioned this version of events.

The paper was unpublished, but continues to be widely available on the internet.1

He put forward thirteen reasons for rejecting the official version of the collapses. These include:

1 Steven Jones, "Why Indeed Did the World Trade Center Buildings Completely Collapse," Available on the net, example:http://911hardfacts.com/docs/WhyIndeedDidtheWorldTradeCenterBuildingsCompletelyCollapse.pdf, accessed 10/6/16
2 Walsh, Trudy, "Handheld APP Eased Recovery Tasks," GCN, September 11, 2002, https://gcn.com/articles/2002/09/09/handheld-app-eased-recovery-tasks.aspx
3 "K9/11 - Tracking the Rescuer's Trama," Penn Arts & Sciences, Summer, 2002, http://www.sas.upenn.edu/sasalum/newsltr/summer2002/k911.html
4 Barnett, J.R.; Biederman, R.R.; Sisson, R.D., "An initial microstructural analysis of A36 steel from WTC building 7," Journal of the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Volume 53, Issue 12 (2001), 18, http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0112/Biederman/Biederman-0112.html
5 Glanz, James, "Engineers have a Culprit in the Strange Collapse of 7 World Trade Center: Diesel Fuel," The New York Times, November 29, 2001, B9, ProQuest Historical Newspapers
6 FEMA, World Trade Center Building Performance Study,, September 1, 2002, https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/3544
7 World Trade Center Task Force Interview, Firefighter Edward Cachia, December 6, 2001, File No. 9110251, http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/html/nyregion/20050812_WTC_GRAPHIC/met_WTC_histories_full_01.html
8 World Trade center Task Force Interview, Assistant Commissioner Stephen Gregory, October 3, 2001, File No. 9110008, http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/html/nyregion/20050812_WTC_GRAPHIC/met_WTC_histories_full_01.html


Frank Lowy and Israel

Lowy's connection with Israel began during the British Mandate, when the Czech born Lowy emigrated to Israel. As an illegal emigrant Lowy was placed in a detention camp, but eventually joined the Hagana. In 1948, he was a member of the Golani Brigade.1 The Golani Brigade was ordered to begin ethnic cleansing operations under Plan Dalet in the eastern Galilee in early May, 1948.2 Lowy was seriously wounded in an attack on a village in Lower Galilee.3

In 1952, Lowy emigrated from Israel to Australia, and now owns some $3 billion in real estate.4 His extremely close connection with Israel continued. Not only is he described as a close friend of former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, but he also created a strategic think-tank at Tel-Aviv University - the Institute for National Security Studies. According to one of the Sydney Morning Herald's sources, Lowy deliberately chooses to stay "under the radar."5

1 Herb Keinon, "Frank Lowy: From Hagana to 3.8 billion dollar magnate," The Jerusalem Post , May 29, 2006, http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=23266, accessed 9/9/2016
2 Ilan Pappe, The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine , (Oxford: OneWorld, Paperback, 2010), 88
3 Keinon
4 Keinon
5 "The quiet benefactor: Lowy's close ties with Israel," The Sydney Morning Herald , September 29, 2008, http://www.smh.com.au/business/the-quiet-benefactor-lowys-close-ties-with-israel-20080928-4ppd.html, accessed 9/12/16

Larrry Silverstein and Israel

Larry Silverstein was described by the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, as a close friend of former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, who called him shortly after the events of September 11, 2001, and a friend of two other Israeli Prime Ministers - Ehud Barak and Benjamin Netanyahu. According to Haaretz, Silverstein spent ten years trying to create a free trade zone in the Negev, a desert region in the south of Israel.1

The same 2001 Haaretz article described Silverstein as, a donor to Tel-Aviv University and the Tel-Aviv developement foundation, as well as a member of the American-Israeli commission for housing and community development.2

1 Sara Leibovich-Dar, "Up in Smoke", Haaretz , November 21, 2001, widely available on the web
2 Leibovich-Dar

The Improbability of Silverstein and Lowy's Connections to Israel

How unlikely were the connections between Larry Silverstein and Israel and Frank Lowy and Israel? It's possible to estimate their probability by a rough, order of magnitude calculation. Both Larry Silverstein and Frank Lowy came from the very small population of friends of Israeli Prime Ministers - numbering presumably in the thousands. Since Larry Silverstein was American, and Frank Lowy was Australian, it's reasonable to say that lessees could have been chosen from the wealthy adult population of the English speaking world. If the order of magnitude of the adult population of the English speaking world is in the hundreds of millions, then the order of magnitude of the wealthiest tenth of a percentile of this population is in the hundreds of thousands. So, a back of the envelope calculation for the probablity that one of the lessees would be chosen from the very small group of people known to Israeli Prime Ministers would be a number in the thousands divided by a number in the hundreds of thousands or of an order of magnitude of 1/100. Yet both lessees were chosen from this small group. An order of magnitude estimate of the probability that both lessees would come from the small population of friends of Israeli Prime Ministers would be 1/100 multiplied by 1/100, which is 1/10,000.

In order to avoid unnecessary complications, the above calculation assumes that all of the friends of Israeli Prime Ministers were wealthy enough to arrange a lease for the Twin Towers. Since this isn't really the case, an estimate of the probability that both leasees would come from this small group could actually be less than 1/10,000.